Myopia – Short Sightedness


Myopia or Short Sightedness occurs when light entering the eye focuses in front of the retina instead of directly on it. This is caused by a cornea that is steeper, or an eye that is longer, than a normal eye. Nearsighted
people typically see well up close, but have difficulty seeing far away.

This problem is often discovered in school-age children who report having trouble seeing the front of the classroom. Short sightedness usually worsens through childhood and teenage years, finally stabilising in early adulthood. It is an inherited problem.

Signs and Symptoms

Blurry distance vision
Vision seems clearer when squinting

Detection and Diagnosis

Nearsightedness is detected with a vision test and refraction.


The treatment for nearsightedness depends on several factors such as the patient’s age, activities, and occupation. Vision can corrected with spectacles, contact lenses, or surgery.